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|Título:||Rapid Experimental Evolution of Pesticide Resistance in C. elegans Entails No Costs and Affects the Mating System|
|Citação:||Lopes PC, Sucena E, Santos ME, Magalhães S (2008) Rapid Experimental Evolution of Pesticide Resistance in C. elegans Entails No Costs and Affects the Mating System. PLoS ONE 3(11): e3741. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0003741|
|Resumo:||Pesticide resistance is a major concern in natural populations and a model trait to study adaptation. Despite the importance of this trait, the dynamics of its evolution and of its ecological consequences remain largely unstudied. To fill this gap, we performed experimental evolution with replicated populations of Caenorhabditis elegans exposed to the pesticide Levamisole during 20 generations. Exposure to Levamisole resulted in decreased survival, fecundity and male frequency, which declined from 30% to zero. This was not due to differential susceptibility of males. Rather, the drug affected mobility, resulting in fewer encounters, probably leading to reduced outcrossing rates. Adaptation, i.e., increased survival and fecundity, occurred within 10 and 20 generations, respectively. Male frequency also increased by generation 20. Adaptation costs were undetected in the ancestral environment and in presence of Ivermectin, another widely-used pesticide with an opposite physiological effect. Our results demonstrate that pesticide resistance can evolve at an extremely rapid pace. Furthermore, we unravel the effects of behaviour on life-history traits and test the environmental dependence of adaptation costs. This study establishes experimental evolution as a powerful tool to tackle pesticide resistance, and paves the way to further investigations manipulating environmental and/or genetic factors underlying adaptation to pesticides.|
|Aparece nas colecções:||ED - Artigos|
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