Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.7/159
Título: Quantitative genetics of functional characters in Drosophila melanogaster populations subjected to laboratory selection
Autor: Teotónio, H
Matos, M
Rose, MR
Palavras-chave: Line-cross analysis
Experimental evolution
Reverse evolution
Data: Dez-2004
Editora: Indian Academy of Sciences
Citação: Teotónio, H., Matos, M., Rose, MR. (2004). “Quantitative genetics of functional characters in Drosophila melangaster populations subjected to laboratory selection”. Journal of Genetics. 83 (3): 265-277
Resumo: What are the genetics of phenotypes other than fitness, in outbred populations? To answer this question. the quantitative-genetic basis of divergence was characterized for outbred Drosophila melanogaster populations that had previously undergone selection to enhance characters related to fitness. Line-cross analysis using first-generation and second-generation hybrids from reciprocal crosses was conducted for two types of cross, each replicated fivefold. One type of cross was between representatives of the ancestral population, a set of five populations maintained for several hundred generations on a two-week discrete-generation life cycle and a set of five populations adapted to starvation stress. The other type of cross was between the same set of ancestral-representative populations and another set of five populations selected for accelerated development from egg to egg. Developmental time from coo to eclosion. starvation resistance, dry body weight and fecundity at day 14 from ego were fit to regression models estimating single-locus additive and dominant effects, maternal and paternal effects. and digenic additive and dominance epistatic effects. Additive genetic variation explained most of the differences between populations, with additive maternal and cytoplasmic effects also commonly found. Both within-locus and between-locus dominance effects were inferred in some cases, as well as one instance of additive epistasis. Some of these effects may have been caused by linkage disequilibrium. We conclude with a brief discussion concerning the relationship of the genetics of population differentiation to adaptation.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.7/159
ISSN: 00221333
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