Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.7/396
Título: Linking appraisal to behavioral flexibility in animals: implications for stress research
Autor: Faustino, Ana I
Oliveira, Gonçalo A
Oliveira, Rui F
Palavras-chave: behavioral flexibility
appraisal
animal behavior
cognitive bias
stress
Data: 27-Abr-2015
Editora: Frontiers Research Foundation
Citação: Faustino AI, Oliveira GA and Oliveira RF (2015) Linking appraisal to behavioral flexibility in animals: implications for stress research. Front. Behav. Neurosci. 9:104. doi: 10.3389/fnbeh.2015.00104
Resumo: In fluctuating environments, organisms require mechanisms enabling the rapid expression of context-dependent behaviors. Here, we approach behavioral flexibility from a perspective rooted in appraisal theory, aiming to provide a better understanding on how animals adjust their internal state to environmental context. Appraisal has been defined as a multi-component and interactive process between the individual and the environment, in which the individual must evaluate the significance of a stimulus to generate an adaptive response. Within this framework, we review and reframe the existing evidence for the appraisal components in animal literature, in an attempt to reveal the common ground of appraisal mechanisms between species. Furthermore, cognitive biases may occur in the appraisal of ambiguous stimuli. These biases may be interpreted either as states open to environmental modulation or as long-lasting phenotypic traits. Finally, we discuss the implications of cognitive bias for stress research.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.7/396
DOI: 10.3389/fnbeh.2015.00104
Versão do Editor: http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fnbeh.2015.00104/abstract
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