Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.7/406
Título: Tigers of Sundarbans in India: Is the Population a Separate Conservation Unit?
Autor: Singh, Sujeet Kumar
Mishra, Sudhanshu
Aspi, Jouni
Kvist, Laura
Nigam, Parag
Pandey, Puneet
Sharma, Reeta
Goyal, Surendra Prakash
Palavras-chave: Tigers
Population Genetics
Data: 28-Abr-2015
Editora: PLOS
Citação: Singh SK, Mishra S, Aspi J, Kvist L, Nigam P, Pandey P, et al. (2015) Tigers of Sundarbans in India: Is the Population a Separate Conservation Unit?. PLoS ONE 10(4): e0118846. doi:10.1371/ journal.pone.0118846
Resumo: The Sundarbans tiger inhabits a unique mangrove habitat and are morphologically distinct from the recognized tiger subspecies in terms of skull morphometrics and body size. Thus, there is an urgent need to assess their ecological and genetic distinctiveness and determine if Sundarbans tigers should be defined and managed as separate conservation unit. We utilized nine microsatellites and 3 kb from four mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) genes to estimate genetic variability, population structure, demographic parameters and visualize historic and contemporary connectivity among tiger populations from Sundarbans and mainland India. We also evaluated the traits that determine exchangeability or adaptive differences among tiger populations. Data from both markers suggest that Sundarbans tiger is not a separate tiger subspecies and should be regarded as Bengal tiger (P. t. tigris) subspecies. Maximum likelihood phylogenetic analyses of the mtDNA data revealed reciprocal monophyly. Genetic differentiation was found stronger for mtDNA than nuclear DNA. Microsatellite markers indicated low genetic variation in Sundarbans tigers (He= 0.58) as compared to other mainland populations, such as northern and Peninsular (Hebetween 0.67- 0.70). Molecular data supports migration between mainland and Sundarbans populations until very recent times. We attribute this reduction in gene flow to accelerated fragmentation and habitat alteration in the landscape over the past few centuries. Demographic analyses suggest that Sundarbans tigers have diverged recently from peninsular tiger population within last 2000 years. Sundarbans tigers are the most divergent group of Bengal tigers, and ecologically non-exchangeable with other tiger populations, and thus should be managed as a separate "evolutionarily significant unit" (ESU) following the adaptive evolutionary conservation (AEC) concept.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.7/406
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0118846
Versão do Editor: http://www.plosone.org/article/Authors/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0118846
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