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Title: Genetic basis of thermal plasticity variation in Drosophila melanogaster body size
Author: Lafuente, Elvira
Duneau, David
Beldade, Patrícia
Keywords: Genome-wide association studies
Quantitative trait loci
Physiological parameters
Genetic polymorphism
Molecular genetics
Drosophila melanogaster
Issue Date: 26-Sep-2018
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Citation: Lafuente E, Duneau D, Beldade P (2018) Genetic basis of thermal plasticity variation in Drosophila melanogaster body size. PLoS Genet 14(9): e1007686. pgen.1007686
Abstract: Body size is a quantitative trait that is closely associated to fitness and under the control of both genetic and environmental factors. While developmental plasticity for this and other traits is heritable and under selection, little is known about the genetic basis for variation in plasticity that can provide the raw material for its evolution. We quantified genetic variation for body size plasticity in Drosophila melanogaster by measuring thorax and abdomen length of females reared at two temperatures from a panel representing naturally segregating alleles, the Drosophila Genetic Reference Panel (DGRP). We found variation between genotypes for the levels and direction of thermal plasticity in size of both body parts. We then used a Genome-Wide Association Study (GWAS) approach to unravel the genetic basis of inter-genotype variation in body size plasticity, and used different approaches to validate selected QTLs and to explore potential pleiotropic effects. We found mostly "private QTLs", with little overlap between the candidate loci underlying variation in plasticity for thorax versus abdomen size, for different properties of the plastic response, and for size versus size plasticity. We also found that the putative functions of plasticity QTLs were diverse and that alleles for higher plasticity were found at lower frequencies in the target population. Importantly, a number of our plasticity QTLs have been targets of selection in other populations. Our data sheds light onto the genetic basis of inter-genotype variation in size plasticity that is necessary for its evolution.
Description: This deposit is composed by the main article. The supplementary materials can be found on-line through the following link:
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1007686
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